This Week in History | #AmericanApril

In conjunction with my American April YouTube series I’m posting a weekly roundup of historical events in April.  Unfortunately, I definitely can’t include everything on these lists, so I’m choosing 5 for each day, and they won’t all be American history.  Any time I make a video about the same topic I’ll also link to that.

April 1:

1778 – Oliver Pollock invented the dollar sign.  ($)

1826 – Samuel Morey patented the internal combustion engine.

1865 – Battle of Five Forks (American Civil War)

1976 – Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computers.

2001 – The Netherlands became the first country to legalize gay marriage.

April 2:

1453 – Mehmed II began the siege of Constantinople.

1513 – Juan Ponce de Leon first sighted Florida.

1792 – American Congress passed the Coinage Act which established the US Mint and several coins we do not use today such as the $10 Eagle, $5 Half-Eagle, and $2.50 Quarter Eagle.

1870 – The first woman was nominated for the US Presidency: Victoria Woodhull

1917 – Jeanette Rankin, the first female member of congress, began her first term.  She was from Montana, and said “I may be the first woman elected to Congress, but I won’t be the last.”

 

April 3:

1043 – Edward the Confessor was crowned King of England.

1513 – Juan Ponce de Leon first landed in Florida after seeing it the day before.

1657 – Oliver Cromwell refused the crown after the English civil war.  He was declared Lord Protector in December 1653.

1860 – The first Pony Express journeys began in Saint Joseph, MO and Sacramento, CA.

1922 – Vladimir Lenin was appointed the General Secretary of the Communist Party.

Edward the Confessor

April 4:

1721 – Sir Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1796 – Georges Cuvier founded the science of Paleontology.

1812 – The state that would become Louisiana joined the United States, then known as the territory of Orleans.

1887 – Susanna M. Salter took office as the first female mayor in American History.  She was mayor of Argonia, KS.

1916 – US Senate voted to enter WWI.

Susanna M. Salter

 

April 5:

453 – Saint Patrick returned to Ireland to convert the Irish.

1614 – Pocahontas married John Rolfe.

1621 – The Mayflower set sail on a return journey to England.

1792 – George Washington uses the first presidential veto in history; he vetoed a bill regarding representation measures.

1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were given the death sentence for spying on behalf of the Soviet Union.

Pocahontas and John Smith J.W.Glass, 1870

 

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